Eminem, byname of Marshall Bruce Mathers III, (born October 17, 1972, St. Joseph, Missouri, U.S.), American rapper, record producer, and actor who was known as one of the most-controversial and best-selling artists of the early 21st century.
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Mathers had a turbulent childhood, marked by poverty and allegations of abuse. At age 14 he began rapping in clubs in Detroit, Michigan, and, when unexcused absences kept him in the ninth grade for the third year, he quit school, determined to make it in hip-hop music. As Eminem, he made a name for himself in the hip-hop underground, both as a solo artist and as a member of the Detroit-based rap sextet D12 (also known as the Dirty Dozen). His first album, Infinite (1996), sold poorly, however, and he continued to work menial jobs.
When Eminem placed second in the freestyle category at the 1997 Rap Olympics in Los Angeles, he came to the attention of Dr. Dre, founding member of pioneering rappers N.W.A. and the head of Aftermath Entertainment. By that time Eminem had developed the persona of the inhibitionless Slim Shady, who gave voice to Eminem’s id in often vulgar and violent lyrics. With Dr. Dre as his producer and mentor, Eminem released The Slim Shady LP early in 1999. Benefiting from the inventive channel-surfing music video for the hit song “My Name Is” and the instant credibility of Dr. Dre’s involvement, the album sold several million copies, and Eminem won two Grammy Awards and four MTV Video Music Awards.
Grounded in his life experience but seemingly reflecting a troubled psyche, Eminem’s songs outraged many, including the Gay & Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation, which denounced him as a homophobic misogynist. His tumultuous relationship with his wife, Kim, was chronicled in songs in which he rapped about killing her. In 2000 Eminem was charged with assault when he allegedly pistol-whipped a man he saw kissing her; the couple divorced in 2001, and their relationship remained rocky (in 2006 the couple remarried and divorced again). His mother also sued him for defaming her in song and in interviews.
In 2000 Eminem released The Marshall Mathers LP, which set a record in the United States for the fastest-selling rap album. The incredible success of the album, which included the provocative hit singles “The Real Slim Shady” and “Stan,” brought more controversy. To silence critics, in 2001 Eminem performed a duet with openly gay musician Elton John at the Grammy Awards, where The Marshall Mathers LP was nominated for best album of the year. Later that year he recorded the album Devil’s Night with D12 and toured with the group. He also created his own record label, Shady Records. The D12 collective, 50 Cent, and other rappers signed to and released albums with the label.
Eminem returned in 2002 with The Eminem Show, which proved to be nearly as popular as The Marshall Mathers LP. Also that year he made his acting debut in the semiautobiographical 8 Mile. The gritty film was a critical and commercial success. The following year he won an Academy Award for “Lose Yourself,” a song featured in the movie. After reteaming with D12 for D12 World (2004), Eminem released Encore (2004) and a greatest-hits set, Curtain Call: The Hits (2005), both of which sold well but failed to garner as much attention as his previous albums had. He then stepped out of the public eye, resurfacing briefly in 2006 to eulogize friend and D12 member Proof, who was killed outside a Detroit nightclub. Two years later Eminem published the memoir The Way I Am, which included photos, drawings, and lyrics.
Relapse (2009) marked Eminem’s first collection of new material in five years. Although it featured solid production from Dr. Dre, the album met with middling reviews because of its over-the-top attempts to shock and its somewhat dated catalog of pop culture references. Nevertheless, the single “Crack a Bottle” became Eminem’s second song to top the Billboard singles chart (after “Lose Yourself”), and Eminem won Grammy Awards for both the song and the album. His next album, Recovery (2010), was a response to the criticisms leveled at Relapse. Although Eminem was no longer at the vanguard of hip-hop, Recovery demonstrated that he remained a potent commercial force, as the soul-baring singles “Not Afraid” and “Love the Way You Lie” (featuring the singer Rihanna) both became major hits. Eminem reteamed with Rihanna on “The Monster,” from The Marshall Mathers LP 2 (2013), and the album became his sixth to win the Grammy Award for best rap album. Eminem’s Revival (2017) opened at the top of the Billboard 200 albums chart but received mixed reviews. In addition, Eminem occasionally collaborated with rapper Royce da 5’9” under the name Bad Meets Evil; among their releases was the EP Hell: The Sequel (2011).
Eminem is the stage name of Marshall Bruce Mathers III (born October 17, 1972), one of today's most controversial and popular hip hop musicians.
He is perhaps best known for being one of the few successful white rappers in the industry, not to mention one of the most critically acclaimed. He is also infamous for the controversy surrounding many of his lyrics, which are said by critics to be homophobic, misogynistic and excessively violent.
Early life and career
Mathers was born in Saint Joseph, Missouri and spent most of his childhood moving back and forth between Saint Joseph and suburban Detroit, Michigan.
Interested in rap from a young age, Mathers began performing as early as fourteen, later gaining some popularity with a group, Soul Intent. His wife Kim gave birth to his daughter, Hailie Jade, on 25 December 1995. In 1996, he released his first independent album, named Infinite, following it up with The Slim Shady EP in 1997. He became famous in the hip-hop underground because of his distinctive, cartoonish style and the fact that he is white (a rarity in all rap, especially mainstream gangsta rap). Some people called him rap's 'great white hope'.
It is said that Dr. Dre found Eminem's demo on the garage floor of Jimmy Iovine, the Interscope label chief. Though this did not directly lead to a recording contract, once Eminem won second place vs. Otherwize at the 1997 Rap OlympicsMC battle, Dr. Dre agreed to sign him.
Entering the mainstream
Once he joined Interscope, Eminem released The Slim Shady LP, which went on to be one of the most popular records of the year, going triple platinum. With the album's enormous popularity came controversy surrounding many of the album's lyrics. In '97 Bonnie and Clyde', Eminem describes a trip with his infant daughter, disposing of the bodies of his wife, her lover and his son. Another song, 'Guilty Conscience' ends with Eminem and Dr. Dre encouraging a man to murder his wife and her lover.
The Marshall Mathers LP was released in May 2000, quickly selling 2 million copies. The first single released from the album, 'The Real Slim Shady', created some buzz by trash-talking celebrities and spilling dubious gossip about them. In the song, Eminem claims, among other things, that Christina Aguilera gave 'head' (oral sex) to Fred Durst (of Limp Bizkit) and Carson Daly (of MTV's Total Request Live). In the third single, 'Stan' (which samples Dido's 'Thank You'), Eminem attempts to deal with his new fame status, telling the story of a fan so obsessed with him that he winds up killing himself and his pregnant girlfriend, mirroring one of the songs on The Slim Shady LP.
With the enormous popularity of Eminem's second album, the controversy surrounding Eminem grew even larger, especially when The Marshall Mathers LP was nominated for a Grammy for Album of the Year. Though Mathers had always claimed that his lyrics were not meant to be taken seriously, and that he had nothing against homosexuals or women, the gay rights group GLAAD organized a boycott of the Grammys against Eminem. Mathers responded to this by singing 'Stan' on-stage with openly-gay singer Elton John, ending the performance by hugging John to show that he didn't have anything against homosexuals. Though shocking a lot of people, this gesture failed to appease all of his critics.
Since Eminem's rapid ascent to fame, tell-all biographies of varying quality have been published, including Shady Bizzness by his former bodyguard Byron Williams. Eminem himself has written a book called Angry Blonde (2001), where he reveals the emotions and intent behind the lyrics in the Marshall Mathers LP, and describes his passion and approach to rapping.
As one of six members of the rap group D12, Eminem appeared on the album Devil's Night, released in 2001. The album was certified multi-platinum. The album contained the single 'Purple Pills'. Another song, 'Blow My Buzz', was on the soundtrack for the film The Wash (2001), in which Eminem had a cameo.
Eminem's third major album, The Eminem Show was released in summer 2002. It featured the single 'Without Me', an apparent sequel to 'The Real Slim Shady' in which he makes derogatory comments about boy bands, Moby, and Lynne Cheney, among others.
On November 19th, 2003 new controversy surrounded Eminem when a cassette tape was played during a press conference held by The Source magazine. The 1988 cassette featured a younger Mathers performing a freestyle rap in which he made disparaging remarks about black women, calling them 'stupid' in comparison to white women. Mathers reportedly made the recording after breaking up with his black girlfriend.
On December 8, 2003, the United States Secret Service admitted it was 'looking into' allegations that Mathers had threatened the President of the United States after the unreleased song 'We as Americans' leaked onto the Internet. The lyrics in question: Fuck money/I don't rap for dead presidents/ I'd rather see the president dead/ It's never been said, but I set precedents.
Then, in 2004, Eminem made the video 'My Band' with D12. The controversial song was the band's sarcastic response to the media's frequent portrayal of D12 as Eminem's band, giving little to no credit to its other members. The video contained various parodies, including that of the Janet Jackson 'incident', and of 50 Cent's 'In Da Club' video.
On October 12, 2004, a week after the release of 'Just Lose It,' Eminem's first video and single off Encore, Michael Jackson called into the Los Angeles-based Steve Harvey radio show to report his displeasure with the video, which parodies Jackson's child-molestation accusations, his rhinoplasty, and an incident in which Jackson's hair caught on fire while he was filming a Pepsi commercial in 1984. The lyrics to 'Just Lose It' also refer to Jackson's troubles. In the video, Eminem also parodied Pee Wee Herman, MC Hammer, and a Blonde-Ambition-touring Madonna. Harvey himself declared, 'Eminem has lost his ghetto pass. We want the pass back.' 1 (http://www.allhiphop.com/hiphopnews/?ID=3606)
Black Entertainment Television was the first channel to stop airing the video. MTV, however, announced it would continue airing the video and 'Just Lose It' became the number-one requested video on Total Request Live for the week ending October 22. 2 (http://www.mtv.com/onair/trl/top10/)The Source magazine, through its CEO Raymond 'Benzino' Scott, wanted not only the video pulled, but the song off the album, and a public apology to Jackson from Eminem. 3 (http://www.sohh.com/thewire/read.php?contentID=6321)
Others dismissed 'Just Lose It' as a tame Weird Al Yankovic-style knockoff 4 (http://www.eonline.com/News/Items/0,1,15126,00.html). On Jackson's protest, Yankovic himself told the Chicago Sun-Times, 'Last year, Eminem forced me to halt production on the video for my 'Lose Yourself' parody because he somehow thought that it would be harmful to his image or career. So the irony of this situation with Michael is not lost on me.'
On October 26, 2004 a week before the U.S. presidential election, 2004, Eminem released the video for his song titled 'Mosh' on the Internet. The song features a very strong anti-Bush message, with lyrics such as 'fuck Bush' and 'this weapon of mass destruction that we call our president'. The video features Eminem gathering up an army of people presented as victims of the Bush administration and leading them to the White House. However, once the army breaks in, it is revealed that they are there to simply register to vote, and the video ends with the words 'VOTE Tuesday November 2' on the screen. After Bush won the election, the video's ending was changed to Eminem and the rioters invading while Bush was giving a speech. On October 31, Eminem performed the song on Saturday Night Live, but some thought that he appeared to be lip-synching it.
Other works and ventures
Eminem made his Hollywood acting debut with the semi-autobiographical 8 Mile, released in November 2002. He recorded several new songs for the soundtrack, including 'Lose Yourself,' which won Eminem an Academy Award for Best Song. He has also lent his voice to the Crank Yankers show and a web cartoon called 'The Slim Shady Show', which has since been pulled offline and is instead sold on DVD.
Eminem signed a deal with Sirius satellite radio to program a hip-hop oriented station called Shade 45, which debuted on October 28, 2004. He also owns a clothing line called 'Shady Ltd.' and runs the music label Shady Records with signed artists including 50 Cent, D12, DJ Green Lantern, Stat Quo, and Obie Trice.
Eminem as a producer
Eminem is also active as a producer of rap records. Besides D12's two albums, Devil's Night and D12 World, he also produced Obie Trice's Cheers as well as 50 Cent's Get Rich or Die Tryin'. Furthermore, his own records increasingly contain tracks produced by himself. He recently produced 2Pac's fifth posthumous album, Loyal to the Game.
- The Slim Shady LP:
- Just Don't Give A Fuck
- Role Model
- My Name Is...
- Guilty Conscience
- Chronic 2001 (with Dr Dre):
- Devil's Night (with D12):
- Shit On You
- Purple Pills
- Fight Music
- The Eminem Show:
- Without Me
- Cleaning Out My Closet
- White America
- Sing For The Moment
- Superman (on 8 Mile DVD only)
- Business (live performance)
- 8 Mile O.S.T.:
- D12 World (with D12):
- My Band
- 40 Oz.
- How Come
- Git Up
- U R The One
- Just Lose It
- Like Toy Soldiers (samples 'Toy Soldiers' by Martika)
Albums and EPs
- 1999 'My Name Is...' #36 US; #2 UK
- 1999 'Guilty Conscience' (feat. Dr. Dre) #5 UK
- 2000 'Forgot about Dre' (Dr. Dre feat. Eminem) #25 US; #7 UK
- 2000 'The Real Slim Shady' #4 US; #1 UK
- 2000 'The Way I Am' #58 US, #8 UK
- 2000 'Stan' (feat. Dido) #51 US, #1 UK
- 2002 'Without Me' #2 US; #1 UK
- 2002 'Cleanin' out My Closet' #4 US; #4 UK
- 2002 'Lose Yourself' #1 US; #1 UK
- 2003 'Sing for the Moment' #14 US; #6 UK
- 2003 'Superman' #15 US
- 2003 'Business' #6 UK
- 2004 'Just Lose It' #6 US; #1 UK
- 2004 'Encore' #25 US
- 2004 'Mockingbird' #18 US
- 2005 'Like Toy Soldiers' #34 US; #1 UK
He also had a few major hit singles and albums as part of D12.
- His performance of 'The Real Slim Shady' and 'The Way I Am' at the 2002 MTV Video Music Awards while leading a procession of Eminem-lookalikes from the street outside up to the stage, is regarded as one of the best performances on the VMA's.
- The second E in his stage name is always shown reversed on his records since his second album 'The Marshall Mathers LP'. The backwards-E has become a logo for him, appearing prominently in his videos and stage set.
- He has been recognized as a huge influence on the music industry, and there has been two songs written about him by Christian rapper KJ-52, called 'Dear Slim' and 'Dear Slim Pt. 2'.
External links and further reading
This biography is published under the GNU Licence
Items to buy by Eminem
|Not Afraid By Eminem. Hip-Hop; Pop. Piano/Vocal/Guitar. 8 pages. Published by Hal Leonard - Digital Sheet Music |
|My Name Is By Eminem. For easy piano. Hip-Hop; Pop; Rock. 5 pages. Published by Hal Leonard - Digital Sheet Music |