So you want to write a journal article but are unsure about how to start it off? Well, here’s a few things to remember.
The introduction to your journal article must create a good impression. Readers get a strong view of the rest of the paper from the first couple of paragraphs. If your work is engaging, concise and well structured, then readers are encouraged to go on. On the other hand, if the introduction is poorly structured, doesn’t get to the point, and is either boring or too clever by half, then the reader may well decide that those two or three paragraphs were enough. Quite enough.
At the end of the introduction, you want your reader to read on, and read on with interest, not with a sense of impending doom, or simply out of duty. The introduction therefore has to say what the reader is going to encounter in the paper, as well as why it is important. While in some scholarly traditions it is customary to let the reader find out the point of the paper at the very end – ta da – this is not how the English tradition usually works. English language journals want the rationale for the paper, and its argument, flagged up at the start.
The introduction can actually be thought of as a kind of mini-thesis statement, with the what, why and how of the argument spelled out in advance of the extended version. The introduction generally lays out a kind of road-map for the
A simple introduction is often welcome
Writing an introduction is difficult. You have to think about:
- the question, problem or puzzle that you will pose at the outset, as well as
- the answer, and
- how the argument that constitutes your answer is to be staged.
At the same time, you also have to think about how you can make this opening compelling. You have to ask yourself how you will place your chosen question, problem or puzzle in a context the reader will understand. You need to consider: How broad or narrow should the context be – how local, how international, how discipline specific? Should the problem, question or puzzle be located in policy, practice or the state of scholarly debate – the literatures?
Then you have to consider the ways in which you will get the reader’s attention via a gripping opening sentence and/or the use of a provocation – an anecdote, snippet of empirical data, media headline, scenario, quotation or the like. And you must write this opener with authority – confidently and persuasively.
Writing a good introduction typically means “straightforward” writing. Not too many citations to trip the reader up. No extraordinarily long sentences with multiple ideas separated by commas and semicolons. Not too much passive voice and heavy use of nominalisation, so that the reader feels as if they are swallowing a particularly stodgy bowl of cold, day-old tapioca.
All of this? Questions, context, arguments, sequence and style as well? This is a big ask.
An introduction has a lot of work to do in few words. It is little wonder that people often stall on introductions. So how to approach the writing?
In my writing courses I see people who are quite happy to get something workable, something “good enough” for the introduction – they write the introduction as a kind of place-holder – and then come back to it in subsequent edits to make it more convincing and attractive. But I also see people who can achieve a pretty good version of an introduction quite quickly, and they find that getting it “almost right” is necessary to set them up for the rest of the paper.
The thing is to find out what approach works for you.
You don’t want to end up stalled for days trying to get the most scintillating opening sentence possible. (You can always come back and rewrite!) Just remember that the most important thing to get sorted at the start is the road map, because that will help you write rest of the paper. And if you change you mind about the structure of the paper during the writing, you can always come back and adjust the introduction. Do keep saying to yourself “Nothing is carved in stone with a journal article until I send it off for publication!”
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How do you write an article review? There are times when students do not need to use articles as the primary sources. Teachers ask them to write a quality review on the scholarly, academic, or scientific article.
They do it to see how well a student can find related articles through conducting an in-depth article research. Students must know how to write an article summary.
An article review is a paper that contains a critical, well-structured assessment of the chosen literature. It is not enough to make up a summary of the article.
It is one of the four steps on the way to excellent article content evaluation. The 4 ways to prepare a meaningful article below.
A student should use a database research within article review. The main two elements of article review are a theoretical and objective discussion. It allows learning how to explore and assess information. Sharing personal critical opinions is another factor. Those are both important skills for one’s further career development.
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How to Write a Review Article: Main Points
An article review targets the audience which is conversant with the certain field of knowledge. Many students simply include article summary using the language they want, but this piece must follow official English language. It consists of the reflection and evaluation of the main author’s points (arguments).
The process of working on review is described below.
- Summary of the article + classification + in-depth analysis + article critique + contrast
- The author should use related theories, main points, and conduct broad research
- One article is never enough to analyze to prepare a full content
- An article review usually introduces a valuable response to some writer’s piece instead of providing new information on the researched area
- Here you can get a plenty of free article review examples to use in practice
Article Analysis Preparation and Evaluation: Help Yourself to Get Organized
To write a good article review, a student has to get ready by accomplishing important pre-writing stage. The process of writing an article review will go faster if you get ready.
Here is a summary of the main points. Consider them before composing an article review. No matter what the topic is.
- Define the audience of your paper. There is a big difference between your peers and professionals. All human beings perceive information differently.
- Present goals of your researched article. What should you achieve with this article critique.? Do you have all necessary sources?
- Write down the article background information. A writer must identify a background content which would help the readers get to the point. They might want to continue their own research.
- Provide a good reason for choosing a specific article. Explain why the article or specific academic journal is credible. Remember to consider the data of publication/publisher. Can you trust this information?
- Consider analyzing previous research studies before starting to work on your article review content.
- Don’t forget to identify the course. Pay attention to whether your article is empirical or conceptual. Remember that every article review/critique still has the same purpose. Try to substantiate an argument offered by the writer.
HINT! A conceptual article review plays with logical and persuasive reasoning; an empirical information deals with the empirical evidence to support the evidence.
Structure the Article Review
A student should organize an article review in the most appropriate manner. He should write several separate parts. Discuss the particular argument respectively.
How to write a journal article review example? -You may find out how to order brand new article critique online without any obstacles.
How to write a journal article review? If you want to obtain the best results, an article review must include:
- Don’t forget about the hook! It’s an attention-grabbing sentence made of an interesting fact, statistics mentioned by the writer, jokes/anecdote, life story, famous quote, literature quote, article extract, etc. Learn how to write it here.
- Focus on a great article abstract. It must contain a summary of the main points. Combine information from the introductory part and conclusion.
- Write a powerful introduction paragraph. A powerful thesis is a key. This sentence has to reflect the main point of the entire article review.
- Use transition words that make the entire paper logical in your article critique.
- Direct in-text citations from the article in your content to support your writing.
- Indirect citations from the article that include various credible facts, statistics, and other relevant information which needs no proof.
- Objective/subjective critique of the article via the definition of failures in research, opposing views, disparities in the content, and questions left without replies.
- Every article review/critique requires a Results sections. You may call this part of the content Findings or Discussion. Summarize the information and essence of what you feel is important.
It is important to focus on writing an outline.
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Stages to Performing a Great Article Review Outline
How to do an article review? (Read here how to write a movie review). One of the most important steps is developing an effective outline. Write down each important piece of information. Stress the sentences or quotes you want to use. Such elements of the content as critical facts and statistics are crucial for your article review. Show the contribution of the author’s research.
Note: Gaps and contradictions add up to the great article review.
Opposing points help to show the objectivity of the writer’s judgments. Review the recent debates around target topic. It is important to write all findings and strengths. However, in your article evaluation, you should mention the weak sides of the content. A reader must make a decision whether the specific text is worth of his attention. Do not be swayed by personal thoughts. Leave them for your reflection essays instead of article reviews. Article reviews are based on objectivism.
Here is an article review’s possible outline:
- Include a pre-title or cover page in a review. If you write a paper in APA style, a title is a must. You should also work on the abstract in APA. It’s easy: just follow the guidelines. Add your name, last name, title, course name, and date.
- Add optional author details to the review. Example: you may include only what’s known; ignore page numbers if the chosen article is not numbered.
- In APA, include a running head and separate page number for the title/cover page.
- Include a summary page called an article abstract. You should not confuse this content with the information provided in the introduction. An introduction names only the main point - thesis. Abstract is all about summarizing all main points/arguments.
- Move to the body paragraphs. Mention your three supporting points to defend the main idea of your article review.
- End up your article review with a powerful conclusion. It starts with the rewritten thesis and switches to listing paper arguments.
Decide on Your Preferred Article Review Example
It is critical to select the topic. Research what people are currently discussing in the society. It could be the upcoming Presidential elections, beauty contest, the death of David Bowie, etc. Choose an article on a sound topic. Check whether it sounds eye-catching.
You can find a lot of journal articles to come up with a good critique or review. You may want to observe a list of article review topics.
- Find a journal article to evaluate the efficiency of remote learning
- Select sources to draw attention to the existing employment problems
- Identify the major difference between Portfolio and Project Management after reading the organized article
- Body size and role modeling
- Dealing with multicultural identity
- Can a same-gender couple grow kids with a healthy psyche?
- Write about the character evolution during the course of novel
- Describe irony in a short story.
- Offer the background of the selected author.
- Article review on Journal piece about the system of evaluation in private colleges: fair or not?
How to Write a Journal Article Review Example
According to the summary of the recent academic surveys held by Harvard and Yale, 80% of all authors work better if they have an example of necessary content in front of them. The Internet allows searching for the best examples. It includes examples of citations and references.
Cite every quote from your article and full bibliography based on the writing style guide.
Here are some examples of the references in APA style:
Eurovision in Ukraine: Controversy over Russian entry. (2017). BBC News. Retrieved
on March 13 from http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-39254404
Frolov, V. (2017). Russia Reveals Eurovision 2017 Entry. The Moscow Times. Retrieved
on March 13 from https://themoscowtimes.com/news/russia-reveals-eurovision-2017-
MLA style would look this way:
Goldin, Claudia D., and Frank D. Lewis. “The Economic Cost of the American Civil War:
Estimates and Implications.” Journal of Economic History 35(2), 1975, pp. 299-326.
Chicago style is:
Philip Goldswain, "State Theatre Centre," Architecture Australia100, no. 2 (2011): 54.
An excellent article review suggests that the writer reads the article several times to develop a complete understanding of the content and its main points. Without it, it is impossible to move to the evaluation stage.
Try to highlight the main ideas when reading the article. It will help to pinpoint all 3-5 articles. The reading may be too large sometimes, so students try to skip this critical step. The only way to write an excellent article review without reading the entire content is to contact professional online writing services.
Here is another article review example every student can use.
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All you need to do in the end once your content is ready, revise the article review or send it to editing. You may order a full editing or revision of your ready paper plus custom writing from the official academic writing website. It is the best way to ensure the quality of your critical article review.
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